Email Deliverability: The Ultimate Guide and 14 Ways to Improve Deliverability [Updated]

Apr 17, 2020

15-20% of your email marketing efforts go to waste. And yes, poor email deliverability is to blame.

This is the percentage of your emails end up in junk folders or remain “undelivered” on average, based on data from Return Path.

Key Takeaways: the TL;DR on Email Deliverability

In a hurry? I’ve got you, don’t worry.

Here’s the tl;dr version for busy people.

  • User permission-based email lists—it’s best practice and, in some cases, literally the law.
  • Target, and segment as accurately as possible, if you’re going to cold email.
  • Authenticate your domain with your email service provider.
  • Keep your email lists cleaned.
  • Watch your language and avoid trigger words in body and subject line.
  • Keep your emails simple—avoid complex HTML or too many links.
  • Include an unsubscribe link.
  • Give recipients more control over the emails they receive.
  • New domain? Start with smaller campaigns and gradually increase the volume.
  • Use trigger-based emails in addition to one-off “blasts”.
  • Be mindful of text-to-image ratio—aim for 70% text to 30% image.
  • If you have to buy a list, clean it.
  • Avoid using contests and giveaways to build your list.
  • Send great emails that readers engage with.

What is email deliverability?

Email deliverability is one of the most influential metrics for your email marketing programs, potentially more important than the exact design template or CTA copy you choose. After all, if your email isn’t being delivered, it doesn’t matter how well it’s written – no-one will be able to read it.

email deliverability

Email deliverability rates vary greatly by country and by email platform. (Many popular email platforms only deliver 75-80% of the emails you send). But independent of the email tool you pick and region you send emails to, there are steps any marketer can take to increase the share of emails that reach inboxes.

email services ranked by deliverability

In a way, email deliverability is like the credit score for your email marketing programs. Life is pretty good with a good credit score but you need to make an effort to maintain it, and you have to stay out of trouble.

How is email deliverability measured?

Unless you’re starting from scratch you may want to establish a baseline on where you stand with email deliverability.

If your “opted-in” audience open rates are 40% and up and click rates 4-5% and up, your email deliverability is probably fine. For cold emails, this benchmark is probably 15-20% for open rates and 2% for click rates.

Additionally, it’s good to run a quick deliverability test for your email setup.

A tool like Mail tester is great to test email deliverability. You get a quick score and a summary of the key aspects that influence deliverability like email domain reputation, message formatting, domain authentication, and email content. Unsurprisingly, we’ll cover these aspects later in this post.

All email marketers monitor open and click rates. We’d suggest to also monitor email bounce rate regularly (more on that below) and run a test like Mail-Tester every now and then, and every time you’ve made major changes in your email templates or tools.

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    How do you fix email deliverability?

    Below is a list of 14 ways any marketer can improve email deliverability.

    (Scroll down for further recommendations to technical pros)

    Tip #1. Only send emails to people who expect to receive emails from you: get permission

    This first tip is more of an attitude or approach than a technical tip, but it has a really big impact on deliverability. If you only send emails to people that expect to hear from you, your need to follow the rest of this article gets dramatically smaller. If people are expecting your email, they’re less likely to report it as spam, which is a major contributing factor to your delivery rate.

    There are also good legal reasons to get consent before you send a campaign.

    Ideally, you’d want “double opt-in” before you start emailing someone ie. new subscribers are sent a confirmation email. This way you can make sure people who are not actually expecting to be emailed are not maliciously or accidentally added to your list.

    Tip #2. Segment your cold list (aka the other option to send emails to people who expect them)

    In an ideal world, prospects will have visited your website or event booth and given you consent to keep them warm via email. As we all know, the world is not ideal.

    While we’re firmly against spamming at Outfunnel, we’re also realists and know that in most situations prospects haven’t self-identified themselves.

    The difference between smart cold emails and spamming? Segmentation.

    If you’re scraping your list, put extra effort into defining your criteria. Test assumptions on a small number of contacts before blasting tens of thousands.

    This might mean reducing the number of emails you send to your least active subscribers. On the flip side, you can run campaigns specifically for your most engaged users; by targeting leads who’ve previously opened and clicked links in your previous emails, it’s a safe bet they’ll do the same again and engage with your next email. This is a good way to improve your sender reputation and boost your email deliverability.

    Tip #3. Authenticate your domain with your email tool

    Email providers, like Yahoo and Gmail, use DKIM and SPF records to verify that the sender (so, in this case, you) has permission to use this domain and isn’t a spammer.

    Every email marketing tool typically has its own steps you’ll need to follow in order to set up DKIM and SPF verification.

    These steps typically involve adding a DNS record. You’ll need to have access to your DNS account (usually, this is provided by your web host).

    Once you’ve set everything up you can use a tool like MX Toolbox to verify that you’re good to go.

    Tip #4. Clean lists regularly 

    Email bounces can really hurt your sender reputation, so remove any “hard bounced” email addresses, ASAP—something Outfunnel handles automatically.

    Circumstances change and people who sign up to hearing from you a year ago may have moved on. Also, many email service providers now use machine learning to monitor at scale whether recipients engage with emails.

    So, if you see someone isn’t opening your emails anymore, remove them from your list. That way you can head the robots off at the pass, avoiding damage to your sender reputation by sending bouncy emails.

    It’s also important to consider volume over time.

    Say, for example, you send 5 emails in one week, none of which have been opened. In this instance, you can safely assume that this person may be on holiday. Conversely, if someone hasn’t opened an email in 4 months, but you’ve only sent one, that doesn’t mean they don’t want to hear from you.

    A good rule of them for this situation is this:

    If you’ve sent at least 5 emails over the last 6 months and got 0 opens, it’s time to remove those addresses from your list.

    And, of course, you don’t have to remove them straight away. You can always move them to a “dormant” segment and try to warm them back up with an email list reactivation campaign.

    Tip #5. Avoid words that trigger spam filters in subject line 

    If you’ve ever taken a glance at your spam folder you’ve probably felt like 75% of it is people desperately trying to sell you some viagra. Well, sadly, spammers have all but obliterated the hopes of any legitimate online viagra salespeople.

    Words like “viagra”, “f r e e”, and dollar symbols are all going to hurt your deliverability. As will writing your subject line in ALL CAPS or including too many exclamation points(!!).

    When it comes to the body copy, similar rules apply:

    Avoid spam trap triggering words ( has a great list) and using red text.

    It’s also worth double-checking your email for any spelling errors. Not only do mistakes make you look less professional, but they’re also a hallmark of spam email; spammers often deliberately misspell ‘trigger’ words to try and get past the filters. 

    Tip #6. Use common sense and avoid unreasonably complex design or HTML

    Avoid sending very short (or very long emails) if you don’t want to get grabbed by spam filters. Email service providers will also check to see whether the code is suspicious (either deliberately malicious or just plain garbage-looking).

    If the email doesn’t look and feel like an email, it isn’t going to make it to the inbox.

    Keep formatting basic, avoid adding loads of tracking and keep things as clean and simple as possible.

    Tip #7. Offer a way to unsubscribe 

    This one perhaps splits email marketers.

    People coming from the sales side say that an unsubscribe link makes emails appear less personal and can trigger filters that land an email in the Promotions tab or even Junk folder.

    We disagree, vehemently.

    People need a way out that doesn’t involve them having to jump through hoops, so including an unsubscribe link is the ethical thing to do. Not only that but in many parts of the world now you’re legally required to add a link.

    Even more importantly, adding an unsubscribe link is good for email deliverability in the longer term. Why?

    If you don’t add an unsubscribe link and the recipient doesn’t want your emails, do you think they’re going to email you back, kindly asking you to stop emailing them? No, they’re going to mark you as spam or report you.

    So, add the unsubscribe link, particularly if you plan on sending more than one email or campaign.

    Don’t try and hide the link either, making it too small to see or otherwise burying it where no-one can find it. When you make it easy for people to opt-out of future emails, even if people do end up unsubscribing, they’re helping you clean your list. There’s no point emailing people who don’t want to hear from you — it’s a waste of your resources and will only succeed in upsetting them further.

    Tip #8. Give email recipients more control

    Talking about unsubscribe rates, a common reason why people report messages as spam (and damage your delivery rate) is that they’re receiving more emails than they want. This doesn’t mean they don’t want to hear from you at all. 

    By offering your email recipients a preference center, you give them the power to choose what emails they do want to receive from you. For example, superfans may want to hear from you every day, while others may be much happier with a monthly newsletter. Some will want to hear every detail about your plans for the future, while others only want to know if there’s an offer on.

    Let people decide how they want to hear from you and your email delivery rates will benefit.

    Tip #9. Warm-up your domain

    If you’ve just switched to a new email marketing platform or have just started sending email marketing emails, then you should take the time to “warm-up” your domain.

    Also known as IP or reputation warming, this is a way of improving your reputation profile when you start out. Your list should, ideally, be small and active in the beginning.

    The reason being is that engagement, like opens, clicks, and replies are all positive reputation signals – so a smaller list of more active recipients is going to give you a better ratio of active, interested parties.

    If you kick things off with a 10,000 email blast to people who’ve never heard from you, your deliverability is going to be terrible and you’ll risk trashing your reputation. Instead, take that list of 10,000 contacts and break it up…

    Week 1: 250 recipients
    Week 2: 500 recipients
    Week 3: 750 recipients
    Week 4: 1300 recipients, etc…

    Tip #10.  Triggered and event-based emails, not just blasts 

    Trigger-based emails have higher engagement rates than a one-off, mass email blast.

    As engagement is a positive domain reputation signal, you should use trigger-based drip emails to reach more engaged people.

    You can, for example, set up web visitor tracking to see what pages your customers are viewing and use that to trigger an automated, targeted email. Firstly, you know they’re awake (always a problem when sending mass-mails), you know they’re either on their phone or computer and you know they’re thinking of you.

    It’s also easier to make your emails much more relevant. Sending an email relating to the page they’ve just visited is much more likely to get a positive response than a seemingly random message that they don’t care about.

    By combining automated email sequences, with one-off campaigns, you can keep your audience happy and improve deliverability

    Tip #11. Keep a healthy text-to-image ratio

    Always keep in mind how many images vs text you use in an email. Looking through the emails caught in my spam folder, I was amazed how many of them are mainly images. It turns out that, in an effort to bypass spam filters that scanned for suspicious words, crafty spammers started using images of those words. As filters were looking for text — rather than images of text — the spammers could get their message through. As a result, messages that are mainly images are picked up as spam, even if the images are completely innocent. 

    If your email content is more than 50% images, it can set off spam filters.

    Same story if your images are too big.

    Aim for around 60% text to 40% images, or ideally 70% to 30%

    Tip #12. Don’t buy lists from shady providers and even then, clean the list before using.

    OK, I said don’t buy lists, but I exist in the real world.

    Email lists are going to be bought and sold and this article is about email deliverability, not the merits (or lack of) of bought email lists. And many list providers are reputable and sell good-quality data, perhaps even with contacts having given consent to be contacted.

    So, let’s say you’ve already bought that list from a reputable source…

    Before you put those addresses anywhere near your email tool, run the whole list through a list cleaning service (or, maybe even several). If you don’t, best-case scenario, you end up with a very low-quality list.

    Worst case scenario, your email gets caught by a spam trap address and you end up on some kind of blacklist (more on those later).

    Tip #13. Avoid lists built from contests

    One common tactic for getting people to sign up for your email list is to run a competition or contest. It sounds great in practice — people get to win a prize, and you get a list of email addresses. Surely that’s a win-win situation?

    The reality is very different. For starters, you need to make sure it’s crystal clear what people are signing up for. Under GDPR, people have to be informed exactly what you’re doing with their data, so people would have to specifically opt-in to receive marketing emails.

    Additionally, people who sign up because they want to win a prize are unlikely to engage with your emails. They don’t care about you or your brand, they’re just here for the giveaway. 

    Finally, even if there are some sign-ups who do genuinely want to receive future emails from you, many more will have tried entering multiple times to increase their chances of winning. That will likely mean plenty of duplicate, invalid, and non-existent email addresses in your list. 

    This will translate into a high bounce rate and will damage your sender reputation. If you are set on running a contest, be sure to clean your list as thoroughly as if you had bought it. 

    Tip #14. Write great emails that people want to read

    At the beginning of this post, I explained how email deliverability is one of the most important factors in your email campaign, even more so than the email itself. While that’s completely true, the reality is that the quality of your email is still vital and affects your delivery rates. 

    As we’ve seen throughout these tips, a key part of keeping delivery rates high is not giving your recipients any reason to mark your message as spam. If that happens, it’s bad news for your domain reputation and your delivery rate. 

    The good news is that when people react positively to your email, the email provider notices. High open, click, and reply rates send positive signals that this message is good and that it’s okay to keep delivering emails from this sender. 

    If you take the time to write a clear subject line that gives the recipient a reason to open your email, if you write a value-packed email that’s relevant to the reader, you’ll be boosting your reputation along with your deliverability.

    Extra email deliverability tips for pros

    Bonus Tip #1. Set up feedback loops

    If you’re sending a lot of emails, people are going to complain at some point.

    So, it’s important you have access to that feedback so you can pick up problems and fix them before you end up with a dent in your domain reputation.

    This is where email feedback loops come in. In short, a feedback loop allows you, the sender, to receive notifications when someone complains about your emails, say by marking them as spam.

    Many mailbox providers have different procedures for setting up feedback loops. In the case of Gmail, there’s Google Postmaster Tools plus ReturnPath offer a Universal Feedback Loop that allows you to monitor complaints from lots of different providers.

    Please note that if you’re using Outfunnel, we’ve set up the necessary feedback loops and, should your account generate lots of complaints, we’ll proactively let you know.

    Bonus Tip #2. Test and monitor email deliverability

    If like us, you send a lot of emails, or if email forms part of your core product, you should really be testing and monitoring your email deliverability.

    Outfunnel email deliverability report

    At Outfunnel, we use Glockapps to provide us with constant email deliverability monitoring (not surprising, given email is a key part of our platform). GlockApps give us deliverability stats by ESO and country and provides recommendations.

    Bonus Tip #3. Check your sender reputation

    If you send a lot of emails and want to make sure that there are no reputation gremlins that could be lurking, there are some tools you can use to track potential issues.

    For example, Talos Intelligence allows you to check your domain or IP and see whether it’s been flagged as spam, legitimate email or malware.

    If your email reputation is anything other than ‘Good,’ you’ll need to do something about it. Sometimes, it’s easier to start over with a fresh IP address/domain than to try and fix your domain’s existing reputation. Obviously, you’ll still want to know what hurt your reputation, otherwise, you’ll likely end up in the same situation down the line. 

    Talos Intelligence also checks to see if your domain/IP is on any of the popular Spam Blacklists. If you find yourself on a blacklist, it’s bad news, but it doesn’t have to stay that way. Many of the blacklists have a removal process, where you can easily contact them and request your IP is removed from their list. Others can’t be contacted, but are automatically updated when they see the IP is no longer a source of spam. Again, it’s important to take action as soon as possible to prevent further issues down the line. Get yourself on the list and follow best practices to ensure you don’t end up there again. 

    A big part of getting your emails delivered is using the right tools for the job. Outfunnel is a sales-centric marketing automation platform, perfect for reaching out to your customers. Try it for yourself with a free 14-day trial!

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